Energy Savings Guide


This CMS Guide is designed to shine a light on the wide variety of energy saving laws in selected CEE countries by explaining the most important legal measures and helping you to discover where your opportunities might lie.

For each jurisdiction, the guide is structured into:

  1. a country overview,
  2. national relief measures for high energy prices,
  3. national/regional/communal energy savings measures, and
  4. energy storage status and incentives.

The following measures have been chosen by the states represented in this guide:

  • subsidies to end-consumers (Austria in general for energy prices; Croatia for gas consumption),
  • price caps: electricity (Croatia for households, undertakings and -- certain public consumers; Ukraine for households),
  • reduced VAT rate (Croatia, North Macedonia), tax incentives to privately store gas (Ukraine); exemption from steering measures for privately storing gas (Austria),
  • subsidies to compensate for high energy prices (Bulgaria and Slovakia, in Slovenia for enterprises, in Türkiye for agriculture) and energy saving measures: (Croatia for SMEs);
  • the reallocation of EU funds to support energy consumers (Slovakia);
  • subsidies for energy storage solutions (Austria, Bulgaria and Ukraine) or for heat producers (Ukraine),
  • energy efficiency measures incl. digitalisation (Bulgaria),
  • reduced hours of electricity or heating supply (North Macedonia) or of gas supply (Slovakia),
  • reduction of energy consumption by the public administration (Austria, North Macedonia, Slovenia), and
  • obligations on gas storage operators to feed gas into the grid (Austria, Slovakia) or to supply heat producers at preferential prices (Ukraine).
  • rewards for voluntary reduction of gas and/or electric energy consumption (Slovenia)
  • educed permitting requirements for PV and wind plants (Türkiye).