North Macedonia

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Recent Articles

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    20/06/2024
    International

    Overview of the EU-Australia Memorandum of Understanding on Critical and Strategic Minerals

    The European Union (“EU”) and Australia on 28 May 2024 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (“MOU”) to forge a partnership aimed at developing a secure, stable, ethical, and sustainable supply chain for critical and strategic minerals across their respective regions. This partnership aligns with the goals of the Paris Agreement and the ambition to transition to net zero economies by 2050, as well as a key objective of Australia’s ‘Critical Minerals Strategy 2023-2030’ (published in June 2023) to create diverse, resilient and sustainable supply chains through...
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    14/06/2024
    Europe

    EU anti-dumping investigation of Chinese decor paper imports

    On 14 June 2024, the EU opened an anti-dumping investigation concerning EU imports of decor paper originating in the People’s Republic of China, which could lead to substantial anti-dumping duties on future imports.The product under investigation for alleged dumping is decor paper with the following characteristics:weighing 30-150 g/m2; having an ash content between 5 % and 50 %;having a Klemm absorbency of at least 12 millimetres per 10 minutes or a resin pick-up of 20 % to 200 %;having a wet tensile strength of 6 to 12 Newton (N) per 15 millimetres;having a Gurley porosity of...
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    13/06/2024
    Europe

    What’s in a name? The use of a product code in a clinical trial protocol fails to circumvent clinical trial prior art

    The use of product or sponsor codes in clinical trial related documents is common practice in the pharmaceutical space. However, such codes may not always be sufficient to disregard a publication as relevant prior art against patent claims.In recent decision T 1255/21, the EPO Board of Appeal finds that the use of a product code or sponsor code for a compound or composition in a clinical trial protocol does not affect the status of the protocol as prior art if the skilled person would have been able to identify the compound or composition based on the description of the components of the product...
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    12/06/2024
    International

    Enforcement of the EU AI Act: The EU AI Office

    On 21 May 2024, the Council of the European Union adopted the Regulation laying down harmonised rules on artificial intelligence or the AI Act. As the world's first comprehensive law to regulate artificial intelligence, the AI Act establishes uniform requirements for the development and use of artificial intelligence in the EU. Once signed, the Regulation will be published in the Official Journal of the EU and will enter into force 20 days after publication.As a European regulation, the AI Act applies in all 27 EU member states, and is a key component of the European digital strategy (A Europe...
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    10/06/2024
    Europe

    ESMA issues first formal guidance on use of AI in retail financial services

    The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) recently released a public statement on the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in the provision of retail investment services. The statement provides initial guidance to investment firms and credit institutions using, or planning to use, AI so they can ensure compliance with their obligations under MiFID II. It also outlines live use cases and ESMA’s understanding of the “known challenges” currently facing firms in adopting AI.Emerging ESMA approach?While this is by no means ESMA’s first publication or statement on AI,...
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  •  
    29/05/2024
    Europe

    European hydrogen auctions with a focus on Germany, UK, Denmark, and the Netherlands

    Hydrogen auctions have emerged across the globe in recent years to subsidise and promote the production and use of renewable hydrogen as an alternative to fossil fuels. The EU, individual member states and the UK have all designed and held their own auction/subsidy schemes to bolster the green hydrogen markets in their respective countries.Green hydrogen (i.e. hydrogen electrolysed from power generated from renewable sources) has a much lower greenhouse gas impact compared to conventional ways of producing hydrogen. As such, more cleanly produced hydrogen is expected to play a key role in the decarbonisation...
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